Journal of Oral Science
Online ISSN : 1880-4926
Print ISSN : 1343-4934
ISSN-L : 1343-4934
Root canal configuration and the prevalence of C-shaped canals in mandibular second molars in an Iranian population
Saeed RahimiShahriar ShahiMehrdad LotfiVahid ZandMajid AbdolrahimiReza Es'haghi
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2008 Volume 50 Issue 1 Pages 9-13


A total of 139 extracted mandibular second molars were injected with India ink and demineralized. They were made clear and transparent with methyl salicylate, and the anatomy of their canals was studied. It was found that 86.3% of mandibular second molars had two roots, 9.3% had one root, and 4.3% had three roots. Ninety percent of the mesial roots of the mandibular second molars with two roots had two canals (predominantly with a type II or III configuration), and 77.5% of the distal roots of these teeth had one canal (predominantly with a type I configuration). Among the mandibular second molars, 7.2% had C-shaped canals and these configurations were seen mostly in single-rooted mandibular second molars. The results of this study indicate that mandibular second molar teeth have many variations in the number of roots and the morphology of their canals. Therefore it should not be assumed that all mandibular second molar teeth have two roots and three canals. (J. Oral Sci. 50, 9-13, 2008)

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© 2008 by Nihon University School of Dentistry
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