Journal of Oral Science
Online ISSN : 1880-4926
Print ISSN : 1343-4934
ISSN-L : 1343-4934
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Root proximity and stability of orthodontic anchor screws
Toru Shigeeda
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2014 Volume 56 Issue 1 Pages 59-65

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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate a causal relationship between the stability of orthodontic anchor screws (screws) and the degree of their proximity to the root (root proximity) using mobility test device (Periotest) and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). In total, 165 (diameter 1.6 mm; length 8 mm) screws in 58 patients (average age, 24.4 ± 8.5 years) were evaluated. After screw placement, CBCT was used for diagnostic imaging of the area around the site. Root proximity was evaluated and categorized into three groups: A, no contact; B, single contact; and C, multi-contact. The Periotest value was used to assess screw stability. The screw failure rate according to root proximity significantly differed between categories A and C. In addition, failure rate significantly differed between mandibular screws with and without root contact. Periotest values in categories A and C were significantly higher in the mandible than in the maxilla. Mandibular screws had greater mobility than maxillar screws, even when the screw avoided root contact. The lower stability of mandibular screws with root contact might be related to their greater mobility. (J Oral Sci 56, 59-65, 2014)

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© 2014 by Nihon University School of Dentistry
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