2017 Volume 59 Issue 3 Pages 447-451
The purpose of this experiment was to investigate whether low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) irradiation can inhibit dentoalveolar ankylosis in transplanted rat teeth. LIPUS irradiation (the pulsed ultrasound signal had a frequency of 3.0 MHz, a spatial average intensity of 30 mW/cm2, and a pulse ratio of 1:4) was performed on the face over the re-planted teeth of rats for 4 weeks. After the rats were euthanized, we measured mobility (Periotest value [PTV]) of the transplanted and control teeth using a Periotest. Finally, we performed histological evaluation to detect ankylosis. PTVs tended to be significantly lower for re-planted teeth than for control teeth. Histological evaluation revealed that the roots of all re-planted teeth were coalescent with alveolar bone. Furthermore, no ankylosis was observed in three-fifths of the re-planted teeth following LIPUS irradiation. These results indicate the potential efficacy of LIPUS to inhibit dentoalveolar ankylosis.