Journal of Oral Science
Original
A preliminary study of effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) irradiation on dentoalveolar ankylosis
Tomoyasu KiyokawaMitsuru MotoyoshiMizuki InabaRemi SanoAkari SaikiGo TorigoeMasatake AsanoNoriyoshi Shimizu
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Volume 59 (2017) Issue 3 Pages 447-451

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Abstract

The purpose of this experiment was to investigate whether low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) irradiation can inhibit dentoalveolar ankylosis in transplanted rat teeth. LIPUS irradiation (the pulsed ultrasound signal had a frequency of 3.0 MHz, a spatial average intensity of 30 mW/cm2, and a pulse ratio of 1:4) was performed on the face over the re-planted teeth of rats for 4 weeks. After the rats were euthanized, we measured mobility (Periotest value [PTV]) of the transplanted and control teeth using a Periotest. Finally, we performed histological evaluation to detect ankylosis. PTVs tended to be significantly lower for re-planted teeth than for control teeth. Histological evaluation revealed that the roots of all re-planted teeth were coalescent with alveolar bone. Furthermore, no ankylosis was observed in three-fifths of the re-planted teeth following LIPUS irradiation. These results indicate the potential efficacy of LIPUS to inhibit dentoalveolar ankylosis.

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© 2017 by Nihon University School of Dentistry
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