Journal of Oral Science
Online ISSN : 1880-4926
Print ISSN : 1343-4934
Original
Rapid detection of Candida albicans in oral exfoliative cytology samples by loop-mediated isothermal amplification
Hiroyasu NoguchiTakashi IwaseDaisuke OmagariMasatake AsanoRyota NakamuraKosuke UekiKeiji ShinozukaTadayoshi KanekoMorio TonogiHiderou Ohki
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2017 Volume 59 Issue 4 Pages 541-547

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Abstract

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) rapidly amplifies DNA under isothermal conditions. The aim of this study was to detect Candida albicans and compare the positivity rate in the LAMP reaction with that of conventional methods for oral exfoliative cytology (EC) samples. Sixty-eight EC samples from 53 patients were subjected to LAMP analysis. These patients had been clinically diagnosed with leukoplakia, squamous cell carcinoma, oral lichen planus (OLP), stomatitis, oral candidiasis, and other malignancies. LAMP reactions were defined as positive when the sample turbidity exceeded 0.1 (arbitrary unit). Periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining and microbial culture were also performed to detect Candida species in EC samples. The LAMP reaction detected C. albicans in 42.6% of EC samples. Candida species were detected in 32.4% of the same samples by culturing and in 29.4% of samples by PAS staining. C. albicans DNA was detected most frequently in samples from OLP patients. We conclude that, in comparison to conventional methods for detection of C. albicans, the LAMP method is highly sensitive and time-saving, and does not require expensive equipment or diagnostic technology. It may therefore be useful for on-site screening of C. albicans at dental clinics.

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© 2017 by Nihon University School of Dentistry
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