2018 Volume 60 Issue 4 Pages 574-578
To better understand the clinical features of mass lesions of the tongue, we retrospectively evaluated frequency, recurrence rate, and complications in 296 patients who had undergone surgery for such lesions. The diagnoses were fibroma (43.6%), mucous cyst (14.2%), papilloma (11.8%), hemangioma (7.8%), granuloma (6.4%), lipoma (1.4%), schwannoma (1.0%), ectopic tonsil (0.7%), and other (13.2%). Recurrence was noted in two patients (0.7%). Twenty-two patients (7.4%) developed surgical complications, including lingual nerve paralysis (6.4%), glossodynia (0.6%), and postoperative infection (0.3%). Lingual nerve paralysis was observed in the ventral portion (42.1%) of the tongue, apex (36.8%), lateral border (10.5%), and dorsum (10.5%). When all sites were considered together, there was no significant difference in the number of patients presenting with lingual nerve paralysis (P = 0.075). However, there were significant differences in lingual nerve paralysis at the lateral border (P < 0.05), apex (P < 0.05), and dorsum (P < 0.001) but not at the ventral portion (P > 0.05) in the size of the patients with versus without it which suggests that the risk of lingual nerve paralysis is higher at the ventral tongue, regardless of tumor size. These results shed light on the clinical features of mass lesions of the tongue.