2018 Volume 60 Issue 4 Pages 618-625
The purpose of the present study was to predict inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) exposure and associated neurosensory deficits after mandibular cyst surgery based on imaging findings. The study includes 193 sites in 184 consecutive patients who underwent enucleation of cystic lesions around a mandibular third molar (MM3) and extraction of the associated MM3. Absence/presence of white lines on panoramic radiographs (PR) and absence/presence of cortication surrounding the mandibular canal on computed tomography (CT) are evaluated as predictor variables. Outcome variables are operative IAN exposure and postoperative lower lip and/or chin dysesthesia. There is a significant correlation between interruption of white lines and loss of cortication. The predictor variables are statistically associated with IAN exposure and dysesthesia. Positive predictive values of CT findings (loss of cortication) for each outcome variable are slightly higher than those of PR findings (interruption of white lines). When considering the variables, type IV, with interruption of white lines and loss of cortication, shows a statistically significant difference compared to the other groups. White lines on PR images and cortication status of the mandibular canal on CT images predict operative IAN exposure and postoperative dysesthesia in mandibular cyst surgery.