2018 Volume 60 Issue 4 Pages 514-518
The present study was designed to compare the bone augmentation ability of absorbable collagen sponge (ACS) with that of hydroxyapatite/collagen composite (HAP/Col) using a rat calvaria defect model. Bone defects were created artificially on the surface of the calvariae of 10-week-old male Fisher rats, and then cylindral plastic caps filled with ACS or HAP/Col were placed on the defects. This area was designated as the region of interest (ROI) and new bone formation was observed at 0, 4, 8, and 12 weeks after surgery using micro-CT. Histological examinations were performed using sections obtained from 12-week-old rats. Prominent new bone formation was observed in the HAP/Col group relative to the ACS group; onset of new bone augmentation was evident from 4 weeks after surgery in the HAP/Col group and from 8 weeks in the ACS group. Histological examination revealed that the entire area of the cap was filled with newly formed bone intermingled with the HAP/Col composite. Bone mineral density in the HAP/Col group was double that in the ACS group. These results indicate that the use of HAP/Col contributes significantly to new bone augmentation.