2019 Volume 61 Issue 2 Pages 200-205
This study was conducted to investigate the short-term effects of a self-ligating appliance for orthodontic treatment of severe adult periodontitis. Thirty patients diagnosed as severe periodontitis were recruited at Nanjing Stomatological Hospital, P. R.China, between January 2012 and January 2016. General clinical and demographic data were collected from the patients, all of whom were treated with a self-ligating appliance. Probing pocket depth (PPD), clinical attachment level (CAL), bleeding on probing (BOP) and plaque index (PI) were measured before appliance placement, and at 1 and 3 months after appliance placement, respectively. Results showed the rate of tooth loss, mean PPD, mean CAL and the BOP ratio were more favorable in healthy subjects than in the patients. Smokers accounted for a significantly higher proportion of the patients in comparison with the healthy subjects. Clinical outcomes revealed that both the mean PPD and mean CAL were significantly decreased compared with the baseline (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the percentage of BOP, PI and bone mineral density were also significantly decreased at 1 month after treatment (P < 0.05). The volume of gingival crevicular fluid, as well as the levels of alkaline phosphatase, aspartate aminotransferase and glutathione peroxidase, were significantly increased in the first month after treatment, being decreased at 2 months, and finally returning to normal in the third month. In summary, orthodontic treatment using a self-ligating appliance can apparently improve the periodontal condition of patients with severe adult periodontitis.