Journal of Oral Science
Online ISSN : 1880-4926
Print ISSN : 1343-4934
ISSN-L : 1343-4934
Original
Changes in oral health-related quality of life after oral rehabilitation with dental implants in patients following mandibular tumor resection
Naoko SatoShigeto KoyamaTakehiko MitoKuniyuki IzumitaRisa IshikoKensuke YamauchiHitoshi MiyashitaTakenori OgawaMoe KosakaTetsu TakahashiKeiichi Sasaki
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2019 Volume 61 Issue 3 Pages 406-411

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Abstract

Oral rehabilitation with prosthodontic treatment considerably influences the well-being and quality of life of patients after ablative oral tumor surgery. This study evaluated the effects of implant-supported prostheses (ISPs) on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and chewing ability in 10 patients who requested ISPs after mandibular oral tumor resection. OHRQoL was assessed using the Japanese version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-49) before and one year after ISP placement. Chewing ability, including self-assessed masticatory ability and occlusal force, was examined at one year after ISP placement. The initial mean total OHIP-49 score of 65.3 ± 9.79 decreased to 46.0 ± 8.14 at one year after ISP placement. Mean OHIP-49 score decreased in all domains, whereas self-assessed masticatory ability increased within one year of ISP placement. There were no significant differences between prosthesis types with respect to the mean OHIP-49 score or self-assessed masticatory ability. In conclusion, ISP placement improves OHRQoL and the self-assessed masticatory ability. Moreover, the prosthesis type might not significantly affect OHRQoL.

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© 2019 by Nihon University School of Dentistry
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