2020 Volume 62 Issue 1 Pages 67-69
Fetuin-A is a liver-secreted glycoprotein isolated from fetal bovine serum. Recent reports of its several pathological functions suggest an association between fetuin-A and systemic diseases. This study therefore examined the correlation between serum fetuin-A level and periodontal status. Data from 356 middle-aged and elderly adults who underwent health examinations in Goto, Japan, during the period from 2008 through 2010 were analyzed. Systemic and periodontal measurements were recorded, and serum fetuin-A level was determined by using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Fetuin-A levels for participants with moderate to severe periodontitis were significantly lower than those for participants with no or mild periodontitis. Additionally, fetuin-A level negatively correlated with periodontal clinical attachment loss. Moderate to severe periodontitis was significantly correlated with low serum fetuin-A levels (odds ratio, 1.69; 95% confidence interval, 1.01-2.69) in logistic regression analysis. Low serum fetuin-A level was correlated with worse periodontal status and could thus potentially serve as a marker of periodontitis.