Journal of Oral Science
Online ISSN : 1880-4926
Print ISSN : 1343-4934
ISSN-L : 1343-4934
Original article
Association of low fetuin-A levels with periodontitis in community-dwelling adults
Reiko FurugenKoji KawasakiMasayasu KitamuraTakahiro MaedaToshiyuki SaitoHideaki Hayashida
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2020 Volume 62 Issue 1 Pages 67-69

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Abstract

Fetuin-A is a liver-secreted glycoprotein isolated from fetal bovine serum. Recent reports of its several pathological functions suggest an association between fetuin-A and systemic diseases. This study therefore examined the correlation between serum fetuin-A level and periodontal status. Data from 356 middle-aged and elderly adults who underwent health examinations in Goto, Japan, during the period from 2008 through 2010 were analyzed. Systemic and periodontal measurements were recorded, and serum fetuin-A level was determined by using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Fetuin-A levels for participants with moderate to severe periodontitis were significantly lower than those for participants with no or mild periodontitis. Additionally, fetuin-A level negatively correlated with periodontal clinical attachment loss. Moderate to severe periodontitis was significantly correlated with low serum fetuin-A levels (odds ratio, 1.69; 95% confidence interval, 1.01-2.69) in logistic regression analysis. Low serum fetuin-A level was correlated with worse periodontal status and could thus potentially serve as a marker of periodontitis.

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© 2020 by Nihon University School of Dentistry
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