2020 Volume 62 Issue 1 Pages 23-27
Laminated custom-made mouthguards tend to delaminate with use; this is a problem in clinical use. Insufficient bonding strength causes delamination, and bonding strength is strongly affected by heating temperature during lamination. The present study aimed to evaluate the influence of heating temperature on the sheet lamination process. Seven mouthguard sheet products were laminated together at different heating temperatures. To evaluate the bonding strength, a delamination test (n = 6) was performed, and the fracture patterns were inspected visually. To evaluate the shock absorption capability, a falling impact test (n = 5) was performed, and the specimen thicknesses were measured. All recorded values were analyzed using two-way analysis of variance and Tukey’s Honest Significant Difference Test (P < 0.05). The present study confirmed that bonding strength was dependent on heating temperature: In ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer products, the bonding strength was almost constant at 130°C and above, and it was constant at 110°C and above in polyolefin products. The thickness of every specimen decreased and, in some specimens, the shock absorption capability decreased with increasing heating temperature. The present study concludes that the heating temperature during the sheet lamination process when laminated custom-made mouthguards are fabricated may not be less than 120°C in ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer products and 110°C in polyolefin products.