2020 Volume 62 Issue 1 Pages 98-102
This study evaluated marginal bone loss and prosthetic complications associated with single implant-retained mandibular overdentures (1-IODs) with locator attachments. The 1-IOD was placed in the mandibular midline by using a conventional loading protocol in 22 patients with an edentulous mandible. Marginal bone loss at the start of loading and 12 months postoperatively was assessed by radiographic and crestal bone evaluation. The crestal bone was defined as the distance between the customized abutment shoulder and the top of the bone, as indicated by probing. In addition, implant stability quotient and prosthetic complications were recorded. The cumulative implant survival rate was 95.5%. Median implant stability quotient remained greater than 80, and median radiographic bone loss was 0.56 mm. Crestal measurement showed a median crestal bone loss of 0.16, 0.43, 0.39, and 0.52 mm on the buccal, right, lingual, and left sides, respectively. Both radiographic and crestal bone loss values significantly differed between the start of implant loading and 12 months postoperatively (except on the buccal and lingual sides; P < 0.05). The need to replace the nylon insert was the most common complication. Conventional loading of a 1-IOD with a locator attachment resulted in a high survival rate, good implant stability, and acceptable marginal bone loss.