2020 Volume 62 Issue 3 Pages 259-264
In this study, the wettability, cell viability, and roughness of an experimental dense bovine hydroxyapatite [Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2] ceramic block were evaluated so that, in the future, it could be used as a base material for dental implants. The results to commercial zirconia and a commercially pure titanium (Ti) alloy were compared. The surface roughness and contact angles were measured. An in vitro evaluation was conducted by means of tests in which pre-osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells were placed in indirect and direct contact with these materials. For cell viability, a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and crystal violet test were conducted. A qualitative analysis was conducted using variable pressure scanning electron microscopy (SEM). No statistically significant differences were observed in wettability and roughness tests among the groups. In both the MTT assay and crystal violet test, all groups demonstrated satisfactory results without cytotoxicity. SEM showed cell adhesion and cell proliferation results on the material surfaces after 24 h and 48 h. In conclusion, this dense Ca10 (PO4)6(OH)2 ceramic can be considered as a potential biocompatible material.