Journal of Oral Science
Online ISSN : 1880-4926
Print ISSN : 1343-4934
ISSN-L : 1343-4934
Enhancement of plasminogen activator activity stimulated by LPS in gingival fibroblasts of individuals with down syndrome
Yoko OtsukaMasayuki ItoMasaru YamaguchiKagumi UesuSusumu UeharaKazutaka KasaiYoshimitsu AbikoJun-ichi Mega
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2001 Volume 43 Issue 3 Pages 207-212

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Abstract

Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) have a high prevalence of periodontal disease, which develops early and progressed rapidly and extensively, in comparison with healthy controls. The severe periodontal disease in individuals with DS has been considered to result from abnormal factors in their host responses. The mechanisms involved in the periodontal inflammatory processes in individuals with DS are not fully understood. Plasminogen activators (PA) are serine proteases that are well known for their part in the initiation of the fibrinolytic cascade leading to the generation of plasmin in periodontal homeostasis, including fibrinolysis and connective tissue remodeling. The PA-plasmin system affects the progression of periodontal disease. In the present study, we examined the effects of the levels of PA activity stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the gingival fibroblasts from donors with DS (DGF). The levels of PA activity without LPS were low in the DGFs, the same as that in the gingival fibroblasts from donors of healthy controls (NDGF). In contrast, the levels of PA activity with LPS in DGFs were significantly higher than that in the NDGFs. These results suggested that PA plays an important role in inducing extensive and rapid inflammation in the periodontal disease in individuals with DS. (J. Oral Sci. 43, 207-212, 2001)

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