This paper introduces new policies for improvement of road maintenance by the central government, and their implementation on management of regional roads in Indonesia. In Indonesia, problems arising from the gap between the service levels of national and regional roads have been raised, and the central government has introduced new policies to improve the servicing of regional roads. This paper introduces new governance measures wherein the central government provides incentive-based budget support for road maintenance enabling local governments to realize continuous road maintenance implementation; in turn, this will improve the level of service of regional roads. The paper describes the process of applying regional roads management based on the incentives gradually applied by the Indonesian government for monitoring and improving regional road maintenance. The implementation process is then evaluated.