Volume 40 (1992) Issue 6 Pages 635-655
The fault plane model was constructed and the rupture process of the 1945 Mikawa earthquake (M=6.8) was determined from strong motion records. To date, two fault plane models have been reported, one of which uses geodetic data and the other the aftershock distribution. The fault plane model presented here is a thrust that strikes NNW-SSE with a small right-lateral component. It explains the strong motion records, surface fault traces, aftershock distribution, and geodetic data. Rupture started at the deepest and southernmost point on the fault plane and propagated radially. The values of the slip and seismic moment were 3.0 m and 1.0 × 1026 dyne cm. The possibility is shown that the Mikawa earthquake was a multiple shock. The faulting motion of the Mikawa earthquake determined here, which is estimated to have been caused by a WWS-EEN compressional stress, cannot be explained by the stress field caused by the subduction of the Philippine Sea Plate alone. Another factor that produced a WWS-EEN compressional stress field in this area is believed to have had an important role during the stress accumulation process of the Mikawa earthquake.