Through the Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteer (JOCV) program, international volunteers, specializing in physical education (PE), are mobilized and dispatched from Japan to developing countries to support PE in schools. From the analysis of JOCV data, it was established that the number of volunteers in the field of sports, and notably PE specialists, has been increasing. It is expected that the demand will continue to rise. Therefore, outcomes should be accumulated and applied in research to improve practices in developing countries and appeal to the significance of the volunteers' presence. However, no study has organized and analyzed previous research. Therefore, this study aims to review previous studies on PE volunteers and examine their circumstances and issues.
To collect previous research on PE volunteers, a search was conducted using CiNii Articles, an academic article search site that includes major databases in Japan.
Consequently, the following three points were clarified:(1) research on PE volunteers can be divided into two types: primary source research and case studies;(2) it is essential to accumulate the outcomes of PE volunteers as research, not only to increase their value but also to understand the situation of PE in each country, and develop support for PE in developing countries after the Tokyo 2020 Olympics and Paralympics Games; and (3) it is ideal to conduct research with university faculties through collaborative projects.