2020 年 45 巻 3 号 p. 132-137
Mandestrobin is a novel and potent fungicide with a methoxyacetamide structure, and inhibits complex III on the mitochondrial respiratory chain of fungi. It is widely accepted that some fungicides, including QOIs and SDHIs, have additional physiological effects on treated plants. In this study, we evaluated the physiological effects of mandestrobin both in the field and the laboratory. Mandestrobin treatment increased the yield of Brassica napus by an average of 6.3% in the field under disease-free conditions. Mandestrobin treatment delayed chlorophyll degradation and the senescence of B. napus leaf discs, and excised Arabidopsis thaliana leaves in darkness. Analyses of transcriptome and gene ontology enrichment of mandestrobin-upregulated genes showed that chlorophyll degradation genes and jasmonate-related genes were downregulated while salicylate-related genes were upregulated by mandestrobin treatment. A possible mechanism by which mandestrobin triggered the physiological effects observed in the field and the laboratory was discussed.