Journal of Pesticide Science
Online ISSN : 1349-0923
Print ISSN : 1348-589X
ISSN-L : 0385-1559
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Metabolomics analysis of the effects of chelerythrine on Ustilaginoidea virens
Qinghui WeiXihai ZhaiWeifeng Song Zhiyong LiYaqing PanBaoying LiZhanli JiaoZhenghao ShiJiangtao Yu
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2024 Volume 49 Issue 2 Pages 104-113

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Abstract

Rice false smut (RFS) caused by Ustilaginoidea virens is widely distributed in major rice-producing regions. Previous studies have shown that treating RFS with chelerythrine can decrease the germination of fungus spores by 86.7% and induce fungal cell apoptosis. In the present study, the effects of chelerythrine on the metabolism of U. virens explored using metabolomics and analyses of differentially accumulated metabolites and altered metabolic pathways. The top 15 metabolites in random forest analysis were significantly different between groups. In positive ion mode, purine, phenylalanine metabolism, phenylalanine, tyrosine, tryptophan biosynthesis, pyrimidine metabolism, and nitrogen metabolism were dominant. Alanine, aspartate, glutamate metabolism, and phenylalanine metabolism were enriched in negative ion mode. Differentially expressed genes and altered metabolic pathways of U. virens were effected by chelerythrine. The findings support future research on the prevention and treatment of RFS by chelerythrine and provide a theoretical basis for targeted drug delivery.

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© Pesticide Science Society of Japan 2024. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons [Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International] license.
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
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