Journal of Prosthodontic Research
Online ISSN : 1883-9207
Print ISSN : 1883-1958
ISSN-L : 1883-1958
Review articles
Biomechanical behavior of all-ceramic endocrowns fabricated using CAD/CAM: A systematic review
Abdulaziz A. AlHelal
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2023 Volume 68 Issue 1 Pages 50-62


Purpose: This study performed a systematic review to assess the biomechanical behavior of all-ceramic endowcrowns fabricated using computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) for the restoration of endodontically treated teeth.

Study selection: Three electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus) were searched by operators specializing in health sciences databases searches to answer the following focused question based on the Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome (PICO) format: “Whether all-ceramic CAD/CAM endocrowns (Intervention) used to restore human endodontically treated teeth (Population) exhibit superior fracture resistance (Outcome) compared to non-CAD/CAM all-ceramic or non-ceramic endocrowns (Comparison).” The methodological quality assessment was performed using previously conducted systematic reviews of in vitro studies. The outcomes were expressed as the mean ± the standard deviation (SD).

Results: Seventeen in vitro studies were included. The materials used in these studies were lithium disilicate glass-ceramic, polymer-infiltrated ceramic, zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate glass-ceramic, resin/hybrid nanoceramics, zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate ceramics, and feldspathic ceramic. The fracture resistance of endocrowns using different ceramics varied as follows: (i) IPS e.max CAD (2863.62 ± 51.47 N), (ii) Vita Enamic (1952 ± 378 N), (iii) Vita Suprinity (1859 ± 588 N), (iv) Cerasmart (1981 ± 169.5 N), (v) LAVA Ultimate (2484 ± 464 N), (vi) Celtra Duo (1618.30 ± 585.00 N), and (vii) Cerec Blocs (236.29 ± 32.12 N).

Conclusions: CAD/CAM all-ceramic endocrowns can withstand occlusal forces in the posterior region. All-ceramic endocrowns improve the fracture strength of endodontically treated teeth. Lithium disilicate crowns were commonly and successfully used in the included studies. More in vitro investigations that implement uniformity in material and measurement approaches are required to strengthen the evidence currently available in the literature regarding the durability of all-ceramic endocrowns.

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© 2024 Japan Prosthodontic Society

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