Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Online ISSN : 2187-5626
Print ISSN : 0915-5287
ISSN-L : 0915-5287
Original Articles
21-day Balneotherapy Improves Cardiopulmonary Function and Physical Capacity of Pilots
Li XuRunze ShiBing WangJie GengLinfu ZhouYugang ZhangGuanghui GuoJingzao ChenXinsheng CaoShu Zhang
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2013 Volume 25 Issue 1 Pages 109-112


[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of balneotherapy on the cardiopulmonary function and physical capacity of pilots. [Subjects] Thirty-six healthy male pilots were recruited. [Methods] All subjects received entire-body immersion bath therapy in thermomineral water for 30 min a day for 21 days. Electrocardiograms, carotid pulse traces, and phonocardiograms were recorded using a cardiac function measuring device. Pulmonary function tests were performed using a Pony FX spirometer. The physical capacity of pilots was examined 1 day before and after balneotherapy. [Results] After 21 days of treatment, isovolumetric contraction time and the ratio of isovolumetric contraction time/left ventricular ejection time were reduced. Forced vital capacity, peak expiratory flow, the ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 second/ forced expiratory volume and forced expiratory flow at 25–75% were elevated. The exercise numbers of pull-ups and sit-ups in 1 min were boosted. [Conclusion] The findings imply that balneotherapy for 21 days has a significant effect on the cardiopulmonary function and physical capacity of pilots.

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© 2013 by the Society of Physical Therapy Science
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