Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Online ISSN : 2187-5626
Print ISSN : 0915-5287
Original Article
The effects of aging on the subjective vertical in the frontal plane in healthy adults
Kazuhiro FukataKazu AmimotoYuji FujinoMasahide InoueMamiko InoueYosuke TakahashiShigeru MakitaHidetoshi Takahashi
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2017 Volume 29 Issue 11 Pages 1950-1953


[Purpose] To determine age-related differences in the subjective vertical in the frontal plane in healthy adults. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 26 healthy adults. For the subjective visual vertical (SVV), subjects were presented with a visual indicator in front of them that was rotated. For the subjective postural vertical-eyes open (SPV-EO) and subjective postural vertical (SPV), subjects sat in a seating device that was tilted right or left. The subjects gave a signal when they perceived true verticality. Each task was performed eight times. The items examined were the mean (tilt direction) and standard deviation (variability) of the eight trials, then the mean of four trials that started from the right or left side position. These items were compared between the young (age: 22–30 years [range]) and elderly (age: 60–74 years) groups. [Results] As for variability, the elderly group demonstrated significantly higher values of SPV-EO and SPV. As for the starting point effect, the elderly group demonstrated greater bias toward the starting direction than did the young group in SPV-EO and SPV in frontal plane. [Conclusion] The postural vertical was shown to change with age. Consideration of age-related changes and the starting point effect was indicated to be important.

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© 2017 by the Society of Physical Therapy Science. Published by IPEC Inc.
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