2018 Volume 30 Issue 12 Pages 1412-1416
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate whether the combination of integrated volitional control functional electrical stimulation and tilt sensor functional electrical stimulation training affected brain activation during the subacute phase following a stroke. [Participant and Methods] The patient was a 60-year-old male with right hemiparesis, secondary to stroke in the left thalamus. Conventional intervention was performed for 60 minutes per day during the first two weeks of treatment (the control condition). Functional electrical stimulation intervention, including integrated volitional control functional electrical stimulation and tilt sensor functional electrical stimulation training, was then performed for 60 minutes per day for two weeks (the experimental condition). These sessions were repeated four times. Brain activity was measured during voluntary right ankle dorsiflexion in both sessions, using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Brain activity measurements were obtained a total of eight times every two weeks (34, 48, 62, 76, 90, 104, 118, and 132 days following the stroke). [Results] There was a significantly higher level of activation in the bilateral cerebellum and the left side of the supplementary motor area in the experimental condition than in the control condition. [Conclusion] The present study demonstrates that the combination of integrated volitional control functional.