2020 Volume 32 Issue 3 Pages 251-256
[Purpose] Leg length discrepancy is common among patients with scoliosis. Some studies reported reduced functional scoliosis curves with correction of leg length discrepancy. Others, however, have shown that induced leg length discrepancy has little effects on spinal deformities. Also, small number of studies assessed the use of foot orthoses in patients with faulty foot biomechanics and their impact on idiopathic scoliosis. In this context, a review of the literature is needed to determine the current evidence for the appropriate use of sole lift and foot orthoses in a context of scoliosis. [Methods] A literature review was performed. [Results] It appeared that sole lifts are indicated for functional lumbar scoliosis when the level of the sacrum is parallel to that of the hips. Sole lifts may not be indicated for patients with structural scoliosis, seemingly inducing a compensatory curve. Custom foot orthoses were found to reduce spinal curves in juvenile patients with mild idiopathic scoliosis and concomitant abnormal foot biomechanics. [Conclusion] Sole lift appeared to be indicated in the presence of certain types of functional scoliosis. Custom foot orthoses can be considered in the management of mild idiopathic scoliosis in juvenile patients. Evidence, however, is low and quality studies are needed to validate these findings.