2015 Volume 71 Issue 2 Pages 90-100
This paper examines the effect of compact city on energy consumption by simulating the effect of three typical kinds of compact urban structure. The relationship between the urban structure and the effectiveness in reducing energy consumption is made clear. The energy consumption can be estimated by a model based on individual consumption behaviors of composite goods and mobility goods. This model is applied to four scenarios on the combination of urban structure and transportation services in Kumamoto metropolitan region in 2030. Results from scenario based simulation analysis suggest that multi-pole urban structure, which is made up of several convenient residential core poles around transit terminals and is connected by public transport service, is the best choice of compact urban structure.