Herein, we present a case of bilateral ovarian tumors with symptoms of pelvic peritonitis, a disease difficult to diagnose. Intraoperative and pathological findings led to a diagnosis of omental panniculitis. However, due to a lack of knowledge about the disease, the patient was forced to undergo two surgeries and a lengthy hospital stay.
Mesenteric and omental panniculitis are considered nonspecific inflammatory diseases with unknown etiologies, with sporadic reports in the surgical field. Although this case is rare in the field of gynecology, we present the clinical course and imaging findings of this case, as well as a literature review that includes treatment methods.