1992 年 1 巻 4 号 p. 305-313
Recent development on the structural study of liquids under high pressure is reviewed. Using x-rays from synchrotron radiation with high energy and high brightness, x-ray diffraction measurements have been successfully performed for various liquids. The pressure-induced structural changes in liquid Cs, liquid Ga, liquid Bi, liquid Se and liquid Te are discussed in relation to the changes in the electronic structures. Pressure-induced phase transitions in liquids are also discussed.