Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hematopathology
Online ISSN : 1880-9952
Print ISSN : 1346-4280
ISSN-L : 1346-4280
Review Article
Diagnostic Criteria and Laboratory Tests for Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation
Toshihiro KanekoHideo Wada
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2011 Volume 51 Issue 2 Pages 67-76

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Abstract

Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is associated with organ failure and it is often fatal condition. The main underlying diseases are infection, hematological malignancy and solid cancer. DIC is subclassified into overt DIC and non-overt DIC. The International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) and the Japanese Association for Acute Medicine (JAAM) published the diagnostic criteria for DIC after several recent clinical trials. These diagnostic criteria are modified versions of the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (JMHLW) criteria. The JAAM diagnostic criteria demonstrated excellent sensitivity for mortality but low specificity. The mechanisms of onset of DIC vary based on the underlying diseases, and depend on tissue factor, cytokines, etc. Early diagnosis and early treatment for DIC are important, and the use of hemostatic molecular markers is necessary to successfully make an early and rapid diagnosis. The mortality of DIC might be improved by the administration of recombinant activated protein C or recombinant thrombomodulin. Further investigation to improve the mortality of DIC is required, including new methods for diagnosing and treating the disease. [J Clin Exp Hematopathol 51(2) : 67-76, 2011]

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© 2011 by The Japanese Society for Lymphoreticular Tissue Research
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