2021 年 61 巻 3 号 p. 152-161
Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) Classification as one type of extranodal large B-cell lymphoma and it is characterized by the selective growth of lymphoma cells within blood vessels with minimal extravascular invasion. According to the criteria, however, several reported cases of IVLBCL with significant extravascular invasion cannot be classified as IVLBCL. The purpose of the present study was to assess the clinicopathological significance of the WHO criteria for IVLBCL. We characterized clinical, histopathological, and immunohistochemical features of 11 patients with extranodal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) with significant intravascular invasion (DLBCL-IV), and statistically compared their features with those of 11 patients with IVLBCL and 15 patients with extranodal DLBCL with virtually no intravascular invasion (DLBCL-noIV). When compared with the DLBCL-noIV group, the DLBCL-IV group was characterized by significantly higher rates of splenomegaly, hemophagocytosis, advanced stage disease, and CD5 expression; higher average platelet count, serum lactate dehydrogenase level, and serum ferritin level. Progression-free survival was significantly shorter in the DLBCL-IV group than the DLBCL-noIV group. In contrast, there were no significant differences in clinicopathological features between the DLBCL-IV and the IVLBCL groups. Our study suggests that DLBCL-IV should be regarded as IVLBCL-related.