Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hematopathology
Online ISSN : 1880-9952
Print ISSN : 1346-4280
ISSN-L : 1346-4280
Case report
Enhanced PD-L1 expression on tumor cells in primary CD30-positive cutaneous large T-cell lymphoma: a report of lymph node lesions of four cases
Emiko Takahashi Hiroshi ImaiYuta TsuyukiNatsuki TaniguchiYasunori KogureKeisuke KataokaTakashi TsuchidaSatoshi BabaToyonori TsuzukiTakatoshi ShimauchiShigeo Nakamura
ジャーナル オープンアクセス

2023 年 63 巻 1 号 p. 49-57


Scarce data are available regarding neoplastic PD-L1 (nPD-L1, clone SP142) expression in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. We recently documented a possible association of increased nPD-L1 expression with tumor progression to secondary nodal involvement in two cases of CD30-positive primary cutaneous large T-cell lymphoma (PC-LTCL) (Pathol Int 2020;70:804). Notably, the nodal sites exhibited classic Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL) mimicry related to both morphology and tumor microenvironment (TME), i.e., abundant PD-L1-positive tumor-associated macrophages and low-level PD-1 expression on T-cells. Immunohistochemistry highlighted distinctly different nPD-L1 positivity between the cutaneous and nodal lesions. In the present study, we aimed to validate this unique phenomenon in a larger series of four cases with FISH and targeted-capture sequencing (targeted-seq) analysis. We retrospectively identified two more cases of CD30-positive PC-LTCL with secondary nodal involvement among all patients consecutively diagnosed between 2001–2021. All cases immunohistochemically exhibited elevated nPD-L1 expression on ≥50% of lymphoma cells in nodal tumors, clearly contrasting with the scarce nPD-L1 positivity (≤1%) in cutaneous tumors. Moreover, all nodal lesions exhibited CHL-like TME, with abundant PD-L1-positive tumor-associated macrophages and low-level PD-1 expression on T cells, although the CHL-like morphology was limited in the two original cases. None showed CD274/PD-L1 copy number alteration by FISH analysis, or structural variations of PD-L1 3’-UTR by targeted-seq analysis. These findings indicated that nPD-L1 expression is linked with tumor progression and CHL-like TME in nodal involvement of PC-LTCL. Interestingly, one autopsied case exhibited heterogeneity of nPD-L1 expression at different disease sites.

© 2023 by The Japanese Society for Lymphoreticular Tissue Research

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