2022 Volume 58 Pages 50-62
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is an intractable vascular disease characterized by a progressive increase in pulmonary vascular resistance caused by pulmonary vascular remodeling, which ultimately leads to right-sided heart failure. PAH remains incurable, despite the development of PAH-targeted therapeutics centered on pulmonary artery relaxants. It is necessary to identify the target molecules that contribute to pulmonary artery remodeling. Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels have been suggested to modulate pulmonary artery remodeling. Our study focused on the transient receptor potential ion channel subfamily M, member 7, or the TRPM7 channel, which modulates endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition and smooth muscle proliferation in the pulmonary artery. In this review, we summarize the role and expression profile of TRPM7 channels in PAH progression and discuss TRPM7 channels as possible therapeutic targets. In addition, we discuss the therapeutic effect of a Chinese herbal medicine, Ophiocordyceps sinensis (OCS), on PAH progression, which partly involves TRPM7 inhibition.