Journal of Smooth Muscle Research
Online ISSN : 1884-8796
Print ISSN : 0916-8737
ISSN-L : 0916-8737
Invited Review
Sex differences in the central regulation of colorectal motility in response to noxious stimuli
Kazuhiro HoriiTomoya SawamuraNatsufu YukiTakahiko ShiinaYasutake Shimizu
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2023 Volume 59 Pages 28-33


Distinct sex differences in the prevalence and symptoms of abnormal bowel habits in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have been reported. We have elucidated the sex differences in the regulation of colorectal motility via the central nervous system. Noxious stimuli in the colorectum of anesthetized male rats enhance colorectal motility by activating monoaminergic neurons in descending pain inhibitory pathways from the brainstem to the lumbosacral spinal cord. These monoaminergic neurons release serotonin and dopamine into the lumbosacral spinal cord, resulting in the increment of colorectal motility. In female rats, in contrast, noxious stimuli in the colorectum have no effect on colorectal motility. We clarified that GABAergic inhibition in the lumbosacral spinal cord masks the enhancement of colorectal motility induced by monoamines in female animals. Considering that IBS patients often show visceral hypersensitivity and hyperalgesia, our studies suggest that differences in the descending neurons that respond to painful stimuli are involved in various sex differences in abnormal bowel habits.

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この記事はクリエイティブ・コモンズ [表示 - 非営利 4.0 国際]ライセンスの下に提供されています。
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