1999 年 48 巻 6Appendix 号 p. 74-83
Extrusion compounding and injection molding processes are frequently employed to fabricate short-fiber-reinforced polymers. During extrusion compounding and injection molding processing, considerable shear-induced fiber breakage takes place and results in a fiber length distribution (FLD) in final short-fiber-reinforced polymer (SFRP) composites. Also, during compounding and molding processing, progressive and continuous changes in fiber orientation occur and lead to a fiber orientation distribution (FOD) in final composites. Both FLD and FOD are governed by a number of design and fabrication factors including original fiber length, fiber content, mold geometry and processing conditions. The mechanical properties such as strength, stiffness and fracture toughness or specific work of fracture (WOF) of SFRP composites have been shown to depend critically on FLD and FOD. The present paper reviews previous research work on the effects of design/fabrication factors on FLD and FOD and the effects of FLD and FOD on the strength, stiffness and toughness or WOF of SFRP composites. Conclusions which can be drawn from the literature are presented with discussions of areas in which further research is required.