2013 Volume 66 Issue 4 Pages 185-193
The aim of this study was to examine the association between the period between dinner and bedtime, and various adult lifestyle-related diseases in the workplace. We analyzed 470 men and 252 women aged 20-65 years who had been enrolled in baseline surveys conducted for the Tokushima Diabetes Cohort Study in a workplace setting in Tokushima prefecture. Multiple logistic regression models were used for analyzing the association of the time between dinner and bedtime and the prevalence rates of adult lifestyle-related diseases. The period between dinner and bedtime tended to show an inverse dose-response relationship with hypertension (p for trend = 0.04) after adjustment for age, sex and other potential confounders. The group with the longest period between dinner and bedtime had an adjusted odds ratio of 0.38 (95% confidence interval 0.17-0.82) compared to the reference group (first quartile group) . Additionally, the period between dinner and bedtime showed an inverse dose-response relationship with hypertension for subjects who ate dinner after 21:00 (p for trend = 0.02) . These results indicate that the period between dinner and bedtime is inversely associated with the prevalence of hypertension.