2016 年 26 巻 2 号 p. 2_29-42
This paper focuses on the capacity development initiatives required for the development of a community planning and human resources program in Japan. For this, we first identify the educational and implementation requirements for realizing a low-carbon and climate-resilient community. Secondly, we provide suitable recommendations for developing such programs by comparing and analyzing a number of similar initiatives implemented in Japan and Germany. Finally, we selected one major Climate Change Education (CCE) program developed by the federal state of Germany and conducted semi-structured interviews with the developer of the program based on the following aspects: (1) overview, (2) educational characteristics, (3) evaluation status, (4) climate change-related content, and (5) implemenation scheme. We then compared this with a previous result of our interview survey carried out on major CCE programs in Japan (Takahashi et al., 2016) and identified the required elements for improving the capacity development program.
The elements revealed during the investigations are: (1) setting an intended competence at the program developmental stage and selecting an appropriate learning method for the participants, (2) setting a standard for the capacity level and knowledge level required of the instructor, (3) implementing a CCE program support system utilizing the federal state’s educational system and structure, (4) constructing holistic educational contents following the developmental stage of sustainable key competencies (Wiek et al., 2011), and (5) use of local official data on climate change based on a regional approach. These are the differences used for the comparison with Japanese CCE programs, and these elements should be considered when CCE capacity development programs are developed and implemented in Japan.