Journal of Signal Processing
Online ISSN : 1880-1013
Print ISSN : 1342-6230
ISSN-L : 1342-6230
Regularized Modified Covariance Method for Spectral Analysis of Bone-Conducted Speech
OhidujjamanYosuke SugiuraNozomiko YasuiTetsuya ShimamuraHisanori Makinae
ジャーナル フリー

2024 年 28 巻 3 号 p. 77-87


We enhanced the performance of linear prediction (LP) for bone-conducted (BC) speech signals by deriving a regularized version of the modified covariance (MC) method. The spectral estimation accuracy is discussed for the purpose of assessing the performance of LP. Inherently, BC speech has an expanded spectral dynamic range that causes ill-condition in conventional spectral estimation methods. To overcome this problem, we focus on the covariance method and its modified version, the MC method. In the field of numerical analysis, we often face the situation where an ill-conditioned case occurs in finding the solution. To deal with this situation, the regularized least squares method is utilized. Motivated by this idea, we derive the regularized MC (RMC) method in this study for BC speech analysis. The RMC method has the effect of compressing the spectral dynamic range of the input speech signal, and this effect mitigates the ill-conditioned problem of LP. Through experiments, we show that the RMC method provides a more accurate spectral estimation than conventional spectral estimation methods for BC speech where synthetic and real BC speeches are considered. The performance of the RMC method is affected by the setting of the regularization parameter. A way to determine the regularization parameter in practice is experimentally derived. The RMC method with such a setting provides the best performance of spectral estimation for BC speech.

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