2004 Volume 9 Issue 3 Pages 219-227
The aim of this research was to explore differences in mentality and attitude among postpartum women of different age groups. We assessed the development of their motherhood using Hanazawa's Motherhood Assessment Scale (MAS), their parental affection using Hanazawa's To-Child Affection Assessment Scale (TCAAS), the presence of maternity blues (MB) using the self-administered Maternity Blues Questionnaire, and the presence of postpartum depression the self-scored Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. In assessment of the MAS, younger women tended to score higher for the Positive Attitude domain than older women before childbirth ; however, all women, both young and old, scored lower after childbirth, resulting in a nearly complete loss of differences among the age groups. In assessment of the TCAAS, primiparous women tended to score higher for the Approach domain than multiparous women, and the scores tended to increase after childbirth in all groups. In all age groups, their maternal attachment toward their child became stronger after childbirth, while their anxiety about child rearing, which was vague before childbirth, also became even stronger after they had their baby beside them. Younger women were found to be susceptible to MB or postpartum depression. Young age was considered to be a risk factor for MB and postpartum depression, and young mothers should be cared for continuously before and after childbirth.