2002 Volume 27 Issue 3 Pages 183-189
Mutagenicity of soils sampled at median strips, roadsides and a park neighboring arterial roads in Kurume City was determined by Ames test. Organic extracts of soils were mutagenic in strains TA98, TA100, YG1041 and YG1042 with and without S9mix. No sample showed mutagenic responses in strains YG3003 or YG7108. Extracts from soils of median strips and beside intersections showed higher mutagenicity and concentrations of PAHs and heavy metals than others, and mutagenic activity of soils correlated significantly with concentrations of PAHs and heavy metals. However, PAHs accounted for less than 12% of total mutagenicity in strains TA98 and TA100 of soil extracts. These extracts showed much higher mutagenicity in YG strains than in TA strains. The results indicate that these soils may be polluted with nitroarenes and aromatic amines.