The Journal of Toxicological Sciences
Online ISSN : 1880-3989
Print ISSN : 0388-1350
Regular Paper
LOCAL LYMPH NODE ASSAY WITH NON-RADIOISOTOPE ALTERNATIVE ENDPOINTS
Akiko SUDAMasahiro YAMASHITAMitsuyuki TABEIKazuhiko TAGUCHIHans-Werner VohrNaohisa TSUTSUIRitsuyoshi SUZUKIKatsuaki KIKUCHIKeisuke SAKAGUCHIKouki MOCHIZUKIKazuichi NAKAMURA
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Volume 27 (2002) Issue 3 Pages 205-218

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Abstract

The local lymph node assay has recently been accepted by regulatory agencies as a stand-alone alternate method for predicting allergic contact dermatitis. To compare the sensitivity of non-radioisotope methods with that of the standard assay, we determined if these modified methods would affect evaluation of sensitization potency. For this reason, we used 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB) and benzocaine for different sensitizing criteria. Female CBA mice were treated for 3 days with a test compound or vehicle applied to each side of both ears. Bilateral auricular lymph node proliferative activity was assessed by the following endpoints with incorporation of 3H-methyl thymidine (3H-TdR), bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) in vivo, and BrdU ex vivo, IL-2 production, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression. Ear thickness was also tested. The strong sensitizer DNCB was detectable by any of the non-radioisotope endpoints as well as by radioisotope-dependent standard assay. On the other hand, when evaluating the weak sensitizer benzocaine, significant changes were evident in BrdU incorporation ex vivo and in vivo, and IL-2 production. We believe that these non-radioisotope methods can assess allergic contact dermatitis caused by chemicals even in the laboratory, where it can be difficult to handle radioisotopes.

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© 2002 The Japanese Society of Toxicology
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