2003 Volume 28 Issue 1 Pages 35-45
The effects of garenoxacin (formerly T-3811 or BMS-284756) on the central nervous system (CNS) were compared with various quinolones. Garenoxacin injected intracerebroventricularly into mice caused clonic convulsion at a higher dose (50 μg/body) than norfloxacin, ciprofloxacin, sitafloxacin and trovafloxacin. Additionally the convulsant activity of garenoxacin was not potentiated by biphenylacetic acid (BPAA). Garenoxacin did not induce any convulsions at intravenous doses up to 60 mg/kg in combination with 200 mg/kg oral administration of fenbufen in mice, and its convulsant activity was weaker than those of enoxacin, norfloxacin, ciprofloxacin, alatrofloxacin and ofloxacin. In addition, convulsions were not induced by combination administration of garenoxacin (60 mg/kg, i.v.) and any of 9 kinds of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or BPAA. In a rotarod test, which was performed in order to evaluate the drug-induced dizziness, coordinated locomotor activity of mice was suppressed by alatrofloxacin at an intravenous dose of 60 mg/kg, but not by garenoxacin, ciprofloxacin and norfloxacin at up to 60 mg/kg. In an in vitro study using rat brain synaptic membrane, garenoxacin had no inhibitory effect on GABA binding in the presence or absence of NSAIDs. In conclusion, the effects of garenoxacin on CNS were weaker than those of other quinolones in experimental animals, so it might possess a low potential for CNS adverse reactions such as convulsion and dizziness in clinical use.