The Journal of Toxicological Sciences
Online ISSN : 1880-3989
Print ISSN : 0388-1350
ISSN-L : 0388-1350
Regular paper
LACK OF COMBINATION HEPATOCARCINOGENICITY OF HARMAN, NORHARMAN AND AMITROLE WHEN GIVEN WITH NaNO2 IN THE RAT
Toshio ICHIHARAKayoko MIYASHITAMayumi KAWABEKatsumi IMAIDAMakoto ASAMOTOTadashi OGISOSeiko TAMANOMasao HIROSETomoyuki SHIRAI
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2005 Volume 30 Issue 1 Pages 1-6

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Abstract

N-Nitrosocompounds, which induce cancers in various organs, may be formed endogenously with intake of amino compounds such as secondary amines and sodium nitrite (NaNO2) in combination. The present study was performed to investigate whether three amino compounds, 1-methyl-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole (harman), 9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole (norharman) and 2-amino-1,3,4-triazole (amitrole), might be converted in vivo to compounds capable of promoting hepatocarcinogenesis when given with NaNO2. However, in an 8-week model, no modifying potential was evident in terms of numbers and areas of putative preneoplastic glutathione S-transferase placental form (GST-P)-positive foci in any of the groups receiving paired treatments. These results demonstrate that combinations of harman, norharman and amitrole with NaNO2 lack promoting effects for liver carcinogenesis in our medium-term bioassay system.

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© 2005 The Japanese Society of Toxicology
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