2005 Volume 30 Issue 4 Pages 305-314
The effects of selective β2-adrenoceptor agonists on proinflammatory cytokines and the expression of stress-inducible proteins have not yet been clarified. We investigated the effect of a higher dose (60 mg/kg intravenously) of salbutamol, a selective β2-adrenoceptor agonist, on the induction of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in plasma and the expression of protein and mRNA of metallothioein-1 (MT-1), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in heart, lung, liver and spleen in rats. The plasma IL-6 concentration was significantly increased after administration with a maximum increase at 3 hr in a dose-dependent manner, but IL-1β and TNF-α concentrations were not changed. MT-1 mRNA increased in heart, lung and liver, but not in spleen, and MT-1 protein increased in endocardium, fibroblasts of lung and periportal regions in liver. HO-1 mRNA was not changed in lung, decreased at 3 hr in liver and spleen, and increased at 6 hr in liver. Contrary to liver, HO-1 mRNA in the heart increased at 3 hr and decreased at 6 hr. HO-1 protein increased in cardiomyocytes and centrilobular regions in the liver. iNOS mRNA increased in lung, liver and spleen, but decreased in the heart, and iNOS protein increased in alveolar type II cells and hepatocytes, and decreased in necrotic cardiomyocytes. In contrast, a lower dose (6 mg/kg intravenously) of salbutamol suppressed lipopolysaccharide-induced HO-1 and iNOS mRNA. We conclude that salbutamol tissue- and dose-dependently alters the expression of stress-inducible proteins.