2007 Volume 32 Issue 1 Pages 47-56
Dose- and time-dependent effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrabromodibenzo-p-dioxin (TBDD) on the liver were examined by single administration of TBDD by gavage to male and female rats. Fifteen Wistar rats of each sex per group received 0, 10, 30, 100 or 300 μg TBDD/kg body weight. Rats surviving to scheduled necropsy on Day 2, 7 or 36 after the TBDD administration were examined for hepatic histopathology, activities of hepatic microsomal enzymes and serum levels of lipids, total cholesterol and transaminases and hepatic concentrations of TBDD. Tigroid basophilic cytoplasm and hepatocellular hypertrophy were observed at 10 μg/kg on Day 2 or 7 through 36, whereas degenerative and aggressive lesions such as necrosis, fibrosis, multinucleated hepatocytes and disarrangement of hepatocytes occurred later at higher dose levels. Persistently increased activities of hepatic aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH), ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase (ECOD) and ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD), increased serum levels of total cholesterol and phospholipid and increased relative liver weight were observed in all groups dosed 10 μg/kg and above, suggesting that hepatic microsomal monooxygenases and basophilic cytoplasm of hepatocytes were early and sensitive indicators among those TBDD-induced effects. A dose-dependent increase in liver concentrations of TBDD on Day 2 was followed by logarithmic decreases in TBDD concentrations against the days elapsed after the TBDD administration. An elimination half-life (t1/2) of TBDD from the liver was estimated to range from 12 to 16 days. It was suggested that females were more susceptible to TBDD than males, and that acute hepatotoxicity of TBDD was as potent as that of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD).