The Journal of Toxicological Sciences
Online ISSN : 1880-3989
Print ISSN : 0388-1350
ISSN-L : 0388-1350
Original Article
HEMODYNAMIC AND ELECTROPHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF MITEMCINAL (GM-611), A NOVEL PROKINETIC AGENT DERIVED FROM ERYTHROMYCIN IN A HALOTHANE-ANESTHETIZED CANINE MODEL
Kazuya KIMURAMitsuyasu TABOKeiji MIZOGUCHIAtsuhiko KATOMasami SUZUKIZen ITOHSatoshi OMURAHisanori TAKANASHI
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2007 Volume 32 Issue 3 Pages 231-239

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Abstract

Mitemcinal (GM-611) is a novel erythromycin-derived prokinetic agent that acts as an agonist at the motilin receptor. We investigated the QT-prolonging effects of mitemcinal using a halothane-anesthetized canine model. Intravenous administration of mitemcinal at doses of more than 8.3 mg/kg per 10 min significantly prolonged the QT interval corrected by Fridericia's corrections. Mitemcinal exhibited a bradycardiac effect and produced significantly greater prolongation in monophasic action potential duration (MAP90) at sinus rhythm compared with MAP90 at pacing and showed reverse use-dependent prolongation of repolarization, suggesting that the negative chronotropic effect of mitemcinal potentiates the prolongation of the repolarization period. A technique using MAP/pacing electrodes allowed measurements of both MAP90 and effective refractory period (ERP) simultaneously at the same ventricular site. Although mitemcinal slightly prolonged the MAP90(CL400) and ERP in comparison with the control group at the dose of 25 mg/kg per 10 min, the terminal repolarization period, the difference between MAP90(CL400) and ERP, did not increase suggesting the absence of a proarrhythmic effect even with a 7000-fold for the therapeutic blood concentration as free level. The electrophysiological results from mitemcinal in this study indicate that the risk of serious arrhythmia such as torsades de pointes, a major clinical concern related to QT interval prolongation, might be low.

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© 2007 The Japanese Society of Toxicology
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