2008 Volume 33 Issue 1 Pages 1-10
- Since our previous study demonstrated the exacerbation of acute myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (AMIR)-related arrhythmia by intratracheal instillation (IT) of diesel exhaust particles (DEP), the influence of IT with extracts of DEP in organic solvents on AMIR-related arrhythmia was examined in rats. Oxidative activity in a non-biological assay system and proinflammatory activity in mice of DEP extracts were examined. The dichloromethane-soluble fraction (DMSF) of DEP was further fractionated into n-hexane-soluble (n-HSF) and n-hexane-insoluble (n-HISF) fractions. The oxidative activities of the fractions evaluated by dithiothreitol assay were ranked as follows: n-HISF>DMSF>n-HSF. Twenty-one to 34 hr after IT, the AMIR experiment was performed. Exacerbation of AMIR-related arrhythmia and increased reperfusion-related mortality were observed only in rats treated with DMSF. In fact, n-HSF and n-HISF did not affect arrhythmia up to 5 mg/kg. Twelve hr after IT, a significant increase in neutrophil count was observed only with DMSF. The levels of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and interleukin-6 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were significantly elevated in the group treated with DMSF, while neither, n-HSF nor n-HISF, affected the level of cytokines up to 5 mg/kg. In fact, tumor necrosis factor-α, IL-10 and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor were unchanged with any of the fractions. In conclusion, exacerbation of AMIR-related arrhythmia by DMSF suggests the contribution of non-particle components of DEP to arrhythmia while the component contributed to the effects did not become clear. Furthermore, it is confirmed that exacerbation of AMIR-related arrhythmia is accompanied by an increased neutrophil count in the circulatory blood.