2009 Volume 34 Issue 1 Pages 1-11
Certain disease conditions can modify drug-induced toxicities, which, in turn, may cause a medication-related health crisis. Therefore, preclinical investigations into the alterations in drug-induced toxicities using appropriate disease animal models are very important. This paper reviews the reported data related to the effects of diabetes and hypertriglyceridemia, common lifestyle-related diseases in a modern society, on acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity in rats and mice. It has generally been reported that diabetes protects rats and mice from APAP-induced hepatotoxicity and there are several reports that help to speculate on the effects of diabetes on APAP-induced nephrotoxicity. In fructose-induced hypertriglyceridemic rats, hepatotoxicity of APAP becomes apparently less severe, whereas nephrotoxicity of APAP becomes significantly more severe. The mechanisms of alteration of APAP-induced hepatorenal toxicity under diabetic and hypertriglyceridemic conditions are also discussed in this paper.