Volume 34 (2009) Issue 6 Pages 703-708
To elucidate the role ofribosomes in the manifestation of adriamycin toxicity, ribosome-bindingproteins involved in adriamycin sensitivity were identified using budding yeastas a eukaryotic model. This revealed that adriamycin toxicity was enhanced byloss of the Egd1 or Egd2 subunits of the nascent polypeptide-associated complex(NAC). NAC is a heterodimer consisting of α (Egd2) and β (Egd1 or Btt1)subunits, and is known to be involved in the translocation of nascentpolypeptides into mitochondria or endoplasmic reticulum and in transcriptionalactivation in the nucleus. Because the loss of the Btt1 subunit had no effecton adriamycin sensitivity, the NAC conformation responsible for resistance toadriamycin appears to be the Egd1/Egd2 complex. We propose that functional NACin the ribosome is involved in resistance to adriamycin toxicity.