The Journal of Toxicological Sciences
Online ISSN : 1880-3989
Print ISSN : 0388-1350
ISSN-L : 0388-1350
Original Article
Immunochemical method to detect proteins that undergo selective modification by 1,2-naphthoquinone derived from naphthalene through metabolic activation
Takashi MiuraYoshito Kumagai
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2010 Volume 35 Issue 6 Pages 843-852


Naphthalene undergoes biotransformation by a variety of enzymes to yield 1,2-naphthoquinone (1,2-NQ), a reactive metabolite that binds covalently to proteins. Because this covalent modification is thought to account for naphthalene toxicity, a procedure to detect 1,2-NQ bound to macromolecules is required. In this study, we prepared a polyclonal antibody against 1,2-NQ and examined the specificities of the antibody for various aromatic structures and for the regiochemistry of the quinone functionality. Western blot analysis revealed that the antibody prepared against 1,2-NQ recognized the naphthalene moiety with the ortho-dicarbonyl group, but not with the para-dicarbonyl group; in addition, little cross-reactivity of ortho-quinones with different numbers of aromatic rings (n = 1, 3, 4, 5, 6) was seen. Dot blot and Western blot analyses with the polyclonal antibody enabled quantitative determination of the formation of protein-bound 1,2-NQ during the metabolic activation of naphthalene. The present method can be expected to applicable for the identification of the molecular targets of 1,2-NQ derived from naphthalene in cells and tissues.

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© 2010 The Japanese Society of Toxicology
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