The Journal of Toxicological Sciences
Online ISSN : 1880-3989
Print ISSN : 0388-1350
ISSN-L : 0388-1350
Letter
Effects of coating materials and size of titanium dioxide particles on their cytotoxicity and penetration into the cellular membrane
Tadashi UchinoYoshiaki IkarashiTetsuji Nishimura
Author information
JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

2011 Volume 36 Issue 1 Pages 95-100

Details
Abstract

In order to estimate the effects of the size and surface treatment (coating or non-coating) of titanium dioxide particles on their cytotoxicity and penetration into the cellular membrane, two types of non-treated titanium dioxide (TiO2)  particles of 20 nm (LU175) and 250 nm (LU205) were exposed to CHO cells, RBL-2H3 cells, A431 cells, B16 melanoma, NHEK(F), and NHSF, and six types of surface-treated or non-treated TiO2 particles of 35 nm were exposed to RBL-2H3 cells and NHSF. The order of half-maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) of LU175 was NHSF < CHO, RBL-2H3 < A431 < B16 melanoma, NHEK(F). On the other hand, LU205 showed no cytotoxicity against any cells. Surface-treated TiO2 showed much less cytotoxicity against RBL-2H3 cells than non-treated TiO2. Then, between 0.5 and 10 mg of LU175 or LU205 was exposed to CHO cells. After 24 hr, the amount of LU175 in cellular cytosol increased dose-dependently. On the other hand, the amount of LU205 in cellular cytosol was much less than that of LU175. The proportion of surface-treated TiO2 in the cellular cytosol of RBL-2H3 cells differed for each coating material. These results suggested that TiO2 has different cytotoxicities among cell lines, and that of surface-treated TiO2 was weaker than that of non-treated TiO2. TiO2 located in cytosol might be the main cause of cytotoxicity.

Information related to the author
© 2011 The Japanese Society of Toxicology
Previous article Next article
feedback
Top