2011 Volume 36 Issue 4 Pages 403-410
Perfluorocarbons from common household products such as food containers, stain- resistant protection for clothing, furniture and carpets, paints, and fire-fighting foams are found in soil, water, plants, animal and human serum worldwide. Previous research has shown a significant association between these chemicals and thyroid disease in women. The present data from the C8 Health Project assessed thyroid function in a cross-sectional analysis of 52,296 adults with a year or more of exposure to perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) from drinking water. Outcomes were: thyroxine, T3 uptake, and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). Analyses were stratified by gender and age group (< 20 - < 50 years and > 50). Both PFOA and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) were associated with significant elevations in serum thyroxine and a significant reduction in T3 uptake in all participants. There were also significant gender/PFOS interactions for T3 uptake and thyroxine, as well as gender/PFOA interactions for T3 uptake. Results provide evidence for disruption of thyroid function related to these common chemicals and possible mechanisms are discussed.